Tag Archives: Rugby

Lou Phillips (1878-1916): Welsh Rugby International and Golf Champion

Arguably no sport requires such a wide and varied range of skills as rugby. It isn’t surprising, therefore, that many of the best exponents of the game have also been good at other sports. And of all the Welsh sportsmen who died during the Great War, there was possibly no more talented all-rounder than Newport’s Louis Augustus Phillips. After all, Lou represented Wales at three sports   ̶  water-polo and golf, as well as rugby  ̶  and he played Minor Counties cricket for Monmouthshire. He was also a champion swimmer.

His debut international rugby season, 1899-1900, heralded what has become known as Wales’s “First Golden Era”, twelve seasons of unprecedented success.   Yet, despite this, he was extremely modest and was never known to boast about his many sporting achievements.

Born in Newport in 1878, Lou’s sporting talents first became apparent at Monmouth School, and by the age of nineteen, he was playing regularly at half-back for Newport. There he developed an almost perfect understanding with George Llewellyn Lloyd who won twelve caps for Wales between 1896 and 1903. Such was their almost uncanny awareness of each other’s play, they would often inter-change their half-back roles, though Lou tended to concentrate more on scrum-half. After only a couple of seasons together, Lloyd and Phillips were regarded by some as the most effective half-back pairing in the Kingdom.

Any forward would have been happy to play in front of a half-back like Lou.  He passed, kicked and tackled well, ran determinedly and was described as “one of those great-hearted players who refuse to give up even when the position seems hopeless”.

At last his chance with Wales came in the match against England at Gloucester in January 1900. He and Lloyd outwitted and outplayed their opposite numbers as Wales recorded a well-deserved 13-3 victory. With Lou in brilliant form, Wales went on to win only their second-ever Triple Crown, beating Scotland 12-3 and Ireland 3-0.  For Wales, much more was to come. Five further Triple Crowns followed over the next eleven years but, sadly, Lou was unable to enjoy this success.

Over Christmas 1900, he badly injured his knee in a Newport club match. As a result, Lou had to miss the England game a few weeks later, but he was unwisely prevailed upon to play against Scotland for his fourth cap. This was an understandable but serious mistake on the part of the selectors, as Lou broke down after only ten minutes. Typically though, he refused to leave the field, which only aggravated his injury. Inexplicably, the Welsh captain, Billy Bancroft, made matters worse by keeping him at half-back, where he was cruelly exposed to the marauding Scottish forwards. Scotland won 18-8 and the chance of a first-ever successive Triple Crown was gone.

He was replaced for the Ireland match by Swansea’s Dickie Owen who, over the next eleven years, went on to establish himself as one of the greatest scrum-halves ever to play the game.  On the other hand, however, Lou’s brilliant rugby career had ended at the tragically early age of twenty-two.

But, undaunted, Lou then decided to take up golf and he applied himself so well at his new sport that he became the leading amateur golfer in pre-war Wales. He won the Welsh Championship in 1907 and 1912, reached the final of the Irish Amateur Open in 1913 and made the last eight of the Amateur Championship held at Sandwich in 1914.

Lou qualified as an architect in 1907 and was practising in Newport when war broke out in 1914. At thirty-six, he was over the age limit at that time, but he still immediately enlisted in the Public Schools Brigade, joining the 20th Battalion The Royal Fusiliers. Given their background, many of the volunteers for this Brigade later became officers, but the self-effacing Lou refused a commission. He did, however, accept promotion to sergeant.

In March 1916, the 20th Royal Fusiliers were in the line near La Bassée at Cuinchy. On the night of the 14th he was with a wiring-party out in no man’s land, when he was shot in the chest and killed, another brave victim of the casual attrition which was the daily experience of life on the Western Front. Although he is often mistakenly said to have died at Cambrai   ̶   which is over forty miles to the south   ̶  ­­Lou Phillips is buried between Béthune and La Bassée in the Churchyard Extension at Cambrin.

As the Welsh public opened their copies of the South Wales Argus a few days later, they were faced with the headline, “Great Athlete Killed”. It was no exaggeration.

 

This is an amended version of an article which originally appeared on the World Rugby Museum: From the Vaults blog on the centenary of Louis Augustus Phillips’ death in action on 14th March 2016. It is re-posted here to commemorate the 101st anniversary of his death.

There is a much longer account of his life and rugby career in “Call Them to Remembrance”. 

 

 

 

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Richard Davies Garnons Williams – The Oldest Rugby International to Die in the First World War

At least 136 rugby internationals died in the Great War. The oldest of them all – and one of the most courageous – was fifty-nine year-old Lieutenant Colonel Richard Davies Garnons Williams. To put this in perspective, the Crimean War had only just ended when Richard was born on 15 June 1856. His place of birth was the tiny Radnorshire village of Llowes, where his father was vicar at the time, but he came from a very old Breconshire landowning family of squires and parsons.

Richard was one of the early pioneers of rugby in Wales though he learned the game at his public school in England. Unfortunately, some writers have mixed up Magdalen College School Oxford, which Richard attended, with Magdalen College Oxford University, which he certainly did not. As a result of this confusion, it is often claimed – without the slightest evidence therefore – that he played for Oxford University! But since Richard never attended Oxford University, he could not possibly have played for the Dark Blues. When he was eighteen, he did go to university but to a different one: in 1875, he went up to Trinity College, Cambridge. But he didn’t win a Blue at Cambridge and he left there after completing only year to pursue a career in the Army, enrolling in 1876 at the Royal Military College Sandhurst, where he played for the XV.

In 1877, Richard joined the 7th Regiment (later renamed the Royal Fusiliers) and was stationed in Hounslow, which enabled him to continue playing in the London area. Earlier in his career, he had occasionally played for the Brecon club. However, during the 1880-1 season, he travelled back to Wales at weekends to play several games for Newport. Following some good performances there, he was selected to represent Wales at forward in their first ever international match against England at Blackheath in February 1881.

It was quite an achievement for Wales even to secure this fixture, as the Welsh game was still very much in its infancy then. Ten years earlier, rugby had been virtually unknown there. Wales had no realistic prospect of winning the match and they were completely overwhelmed, conceding thirteen tries in the process. Despite his team being reduced to thirteen players by half time (and some reports even claim Wales finished with only eleven fit men), Richard stuck manfully to his task as the depleted Welsh pack struggled to compete.

The organisation of the Welsh team that day was nothing like as chaotic as usually claimed, but nevertheless only five of the team played for Wales again. It was Richard’s only international appearance and, because of the increasing demands of his military career, he seems to have to have dropped out of senior rugby thereafter. Posted to Gibraltar, he later saw active service with the Royal Fusiliers in Egypt.  He retired from the regular Army in 1892 and then qualified as a barrister and acquired a landed estate near Hay-on-Wye. He remained involved with the military, however, serving as a major with the local Volunteers. On reaching fifty in 1906, he resigned his commission and, no doubt assuming his army days were well and truly behind him, he settled into a life of active public service in Breconshire.

After his death, friends testified to his unusually strong sense of duty. They were not surprised, therefore, when, despite his being fifty-eight and a family man, Richard immediately offered his services to the country again as soon as war broke out. His old regiment were forming a new “Service” battalion at Hounslow and, in late September 1914, with the rank of major, he was appointed second in command of this battalion, the 12th Royal Fusiliers. By then, it was thirty-three years since he had played international rugby.

As part of the 73rd Brigade, 24th Division, the battalion landed in France in early September 1915 and were immediately allocated to the general reserve for the Battle of Loos. Despite having received no training or preparation for trench warfare, they were ordered to the front, where the inexperienced troops arrived after enduring several exhausting night matches under wretched conditions. The battle opened on the 25th September and, late in the day, the weary 73rd Brigade was led off to relieve the 9th Scottish Division which had captured trenches at the Hohenzollern Redoubt. Inexplicably, at this crucial moment, the commanding officer of the 12th Royal Fusiliers was called up to the staff. Therefore just as they were going into action for the first time, Richard was given command of the battalion and ordered to carry out the relief.

For two days, the Fusiliers were constantly shelled but, despite having no sleep, no supplies and little water, they kept the Germans at bay. Fighting alongside them in the same brigade were the 7th Northamptonshires in which Edgar Mobbs, the England international who was killed in 1917, was serving. However, on the 27th September, a strong German offensive drove the British back from their hard won positions. The Fusiliers found themselves under attack from both their flanks and so were forced to retire.

Such was the chaos of the Battle of Loos that many of the men, who were officially recorded as having died on the opening day (the 25th), were actually killed a day or two later. Richard appears to have been one of these. According to official records, he lost his life as he led his battalion up the line on the 25th September and that is the date recorded in the Commonwealth War Graves Commission Register. However, eyewitness accounts given to his family confirm that he was shot and killed two days later on the 27th while organising the battalion’s retirement. One of his men wrote, “he was with us all the time in the front trench … we could not have had a better, braver officer … no man could have done better.”

Even for the young and fit, the conditions suffered by the Fusiliers were utterly deplorable. But it is hard to imagine what it was like for someone approaching sixty with the responsibility of command suddenly thrust upon him. After all, he didn’t have to be there. But his unshakeable sense of duty drove him on. He put his men first and, in doing so, sacrificed his own life. “No man could have done better”.

Lieutenant Colonel Richard Davies Garnons Williams is commemorated with over 20,000 others on the Loos Memorial to the Missing located at Dud Corner Cemetery near the town of Loos-en-Gohelle, France.

 

This is an amended and extended version of an article which originally appeared on the World Rugby Museum: From the Vaults blog on the centenary of Richard Davies Garnons Williams’ death in action on 27th September 1915. It is re-posted here to commemorate the 101st anniversary of his death.

There is a much longer account of his life and rugby career in “Call Them to Remembrance”. The circumstances surrounding the selection of the first Welsh XV in 1881 is covered in detail in “This Rugby Spellbound People”. This questions some of the conventional versions of these events..

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William Purdon Geen: the Welsh rugby international who died in Flanders in 1915.

101 WPG

At his best, “Billy” Geen was a dazzlingly entertaining three-quarter, with a bewildering side-step.  At times, he reminded supporters of some of the greatest exponents of Welsh back play, like Arthur Gould and Rhys Gabe. But he was a player of moods and occasional lapses of form, and his brief period in the game was dogged throughout by injury. And he was never able to fulfil his potential because, like so many of his unlucky generation, his promising rugby career was halted by the war.

The nephew of Frank Purdon, who played at forward for both Wales and Ireland, Billy was born in Newport on 14 March 1891. He learned the game at Haileybury College and quickly developed a reputation there as a talented all-rounder — he captained the school at cricket and kept wicket for Newport CC and Monmouthshire whilst still a schoolboy. In 1910, he went up to University College Oxford, where he won three Blues (not four as widely reported). In his first season at Oxford, he was fortunate enough to play on the wing outside Ronnie Poulton. Though both were individualists, they developed a close understanding and became a devastating try-scoring partnership. In the tightly contested Varsity Match of 1910, Billy made a dream debut by scoring three tries in the 23-18 defeat of Cambridge. He combined so well with Poulton that he was then rewarded with an English trial, playing for an England XV against the North. Not to be outdone, the Welsh selectors quickly retaliated by picking him for their trial and strengthened their claim on him when they subsequently named him as reserve for the fixture with England in January 1911. Remarkably, he was still only nineteen.

After more fine performances for Oxford the following season, it was widely anticipated that he would soon be capped by Wales. However, a serious injury sustained while playing for the Barbarians at Christmas ruled out any chance of international honours in 1911-12.

Fully recovered, he again hit top form for Oxford the next year. Billy normally played for Newport in the vacations, although he also  sometimes turned out for Blackheath and Bridgend. However, there was one special occasion during term time in 1912-13 when Newport called him up as a late replacement against the touring Springboks. This proved to be one of the highlights of Billy’s short career.Newport deservedly won 9-3 that day and his tackling was crucial to the victory.

Just four days after appearing on the wing in his third and final Varsity Match in December 1912, Billy played against the South Africans once again, when he gained his Welsh cap at last. Although Wales lost 3-0, he almost saved the day. After sensationally running the length of a muddy Arms Park, Billy chipped over the full-back, only to see the ball slither into touch-in-goal, just before he could get his hand on it to score the equaliser.

He won two further caps that season, though bad luck struck again as injury denied him two more. Many believed that he showed greatest potential as a centre, so he was selected there in his third and final international, against Ireland in March 1913. It was a shrewd decision. Billy was a great success and his many breaks and swerving runs inspired Wales to an exhilarating 16-13 victory.

After leaving Oxford in 1913, Billy was now able to play regularly for Newport, but the final season before the war was a disappointing one for him. He was selected by Wales for their opening match against England, but had to withdraw on medical advice and did not play again in 1913-14.

When war broke out, Billy was one of the very first to volunteer. He was commissioned second lieutenant in August 1914 and joined the 9th (Service) Battalion The King’s Royal Rifle Corps. His last game of rugby was in April 1915 when, wearing the Barbarians jersey for the fifth time, he helped them defeat a Royal Army Medical Corps XV at Old Deer Park. Partnering him in the three-quarters that day were the English internationals Edgar Mobbs and Arthur Dingle, who were also fated to die in the war. A month later, Billy was on the Western Front.

On 30 July 1915, his Division were in the line around Hooge near Ypres, when the Germans launched a devastating attack. It was here that the first use of liquid fire was inflicted on British troops and, as a consequence, the enemy overwhelmed and captured the front trenches. The 9th King’s Royal Rifle Corps were in reserve at the time and so were rushed up to join in a counter-attack. This was not a success, but Billy’s battalion did manage to recapture some of the lost trenches, although at great cost. In the act of taking their objective, the leading riflemen had come under enfilade fire from Hooge village. So with great gallantry, Second Lieutenant Geen took it on himself to lead a small party to close with the enemy and deal with their machine guns. He was never seen again and has no known grave. His date of death is officially recorded as 31 July 1915.

Yet another player whose best years were robbed by the war, the courageous William Purdon Geen is one of seven rugby internationals commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial to the Missing of the Salient.

He is also commemorated on memorials at Newport RFC, Haileybury College, University College Oxford, Blackheath FC and the Principality Stadium.

This article originally appeared on the World Rugby Museum: From the Vaults blog on the centenary of Billy Geen’s death in action in 1915. It is re-posted here, with some amendments, to commemorate the 101st anniversary of his death.

There is a much longer account of his life and rugby career in “Call Them to Remembrance”.

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Rugby and the Battle of the Somme: the International Players who Died

At least 136 international rugby players made the ultimate sacrifice during the First World War. Thirteen internationals – from England, Wales, Scotland, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa – died in the Battles of the Somme (1 July – 18 November 1916). Nine of them are commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme which records the names of over 72,000 men who have no known grave.

The outstanding Welsh international forward, Charlie Pritchard, is often said to have died on the Somme (14 August 1916), but he lost his life near Loos.

The thirteen Somme fatalities were:

Rowland Fraser (Scotland) 1 July 1916

“Rowley” Fraser was born in Perth on 10 January 1890 and was educated at Merchiston Castle School, Cambridge University and Edinburgh University.

He won three Blues at Cambridge in 1908, 1909 and 1910 and later played for Edinburgh University where he studied law 1911-1914. He was selected at forward in all four of Scotland’s internationals in 1910-11.

Rowley was commissioned on 15 August 1914. By the following January, he was serving on the Western Front, attached to the 1st Battalion The Rifle Brigade in the 4th Division.

On the 1 July 1916, his battalion attacked the line between Serre and Beaumont Hamel. Leading his company, Rowland was wounded by machine-gun fire just in front of the German trenches. While his wound was being dressed in a shell-hole, he was wounded again by shrapnel. He died of his wounds a few hours later.

Captain Rowland Fraser is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. He was twenty-six.

Richard Thomas (Wales) 7 July 1916

Dick Thomas was born in Ferndale, Rhondda on 14 October 1880 and was a collier before later joining the Glamorgan Police.

He played for Ferndale, Penygraig, Cardiff, Mountain Ash, Bridgend, Glamorgan Police and Glamorgan County.

Dick was a tough and versatile forward who, while playing for Mountain Ash, won four caps for Wales between 1906 and 1909. He participated in two Grand Slam winning teams.

Enlisting in the 16th Battalion (Cardiff City) Welsh Regiment early in 1915, he was quickly promoted to Company Sergeant Major. He was killed leading his men in the 38th (Welsh) Division’s disastrous opening attack on Mametz Wood on 7 July 1916. Had he survived he would have been recommended for the Military Cross. The wood was finally captured on the 12 July after much bitter fighting.

Company Sergeant Major Richard Thomas is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. He was thirty-five.

John Lewis Williams (Wales) 12 July 1916

Johnny Williams was born in the village of Whitchurch near Cardiff on 3 January 1882 and was educated at Cowbridge Grammar School. He was a coal exporter.

A brilliant wing three-quarter, and one of the most talented rugby players to die in the war, “JL” played for Whitchurch, Newport, Cardiff, London Welsh and Glamorgan County.

He won seventeen caps on the wing for Wales as a Cardiff player between 1906 and 1911 and was on the losing side only twice, averaging a try a match. He was a member of three Grand Slam winning teams and captained Wales once in 1911. “JL” was the leading try scorer on Anglo-Welsh tour of Australia and New Zealand and played in two of the three Tests.

He enlisted in September 1914 and was commissioned in the 16th Battalion (Cardiff City) Welsh Regiment soon after. Taking part in the Welsh Division’s opening assault on Mametz Wood  ̶ in which Dick Thomas lost his life ̶ Johnny was severely wounded in the leg. He died of his wounds five days later at a casualty clearing station on 12 July 1916.

Captain John Lewis Williams is buried at Corbie Communal Cemetery Extension. He was thirty-four.

David Watts (Wales) 14 July 1916

Dai Watts was born in Maesteg on 14 March 1886. By the time he was sixteen, he was already working underground.

In his rugby career, he played for a variety of clubs across the south Wales coalfield, including Maesteg Quins, Rhymney, Maesteg and Bridgend amongst others. He also represented Glamorgan County.

When playing for Maesteg, Dai was capped four times at forward by Wales in the last season before the Great War when Wales missed a Grand Slam by the smallest of margins, losing unluckily to England 10-9. He was a member of a Welsh pack known as the “Terrible Eight”.

Dai enlisted in the 7th Battalion King’s (Shropshire Light Infantry) early in the war. On 14 July 1916, he took part in the Battle of Bazentin Ridge. While the attack was largely successful, the 7/KSLI were initially held up by uncut wire and, as a result, they sustained many casualties, including Dai, who was amongst those killed in action.

Corporal David Watts is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. He was thirty.

Tobias Mortimer Moll (South Africa) 15 July 1916

Toby Moll was born in Cape Town on 20 July 1890. He was educated at South African College School and became an employee of the Bank of South Africa.

He played at forward for Randfontein, Hamilton’s and for Transvaal and Western Province.

Toby had one game for South Africa, the second Test against Great Britain in August 1910 at Port Elizabeth which the Springboks lost 8-3.

After serving in South West Africa, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the 9th Battalion Leicestershire Regiment. He was wounded on 14 July 1916 by shellfire during the Battle of Bazentin Ridge and he died of his wounds the following day.

Second Lieutenant Tobias Moll is buried in Mericourt-L’Abbe Communal Cemetery Extension, near Albert. He was twenty-five.

Eric Milroy (Scotland) 18 July 1916

Eric Milroy was born in Edinburgh on 4 December 1887. He was educated at George Watson’s College and Edinburgh University and afterwards became a chartered accountant.

He was regarded by many as the finest Scottish scrum-half of his era. He was capped from the Watsonians club but never played for his university.

Eric won twelve Scottish caps between 1910 and 1914 and was Scotland’s last captain before the war. He was also a replacement scrum-half on the 1910 Great Britain tour to South Africa when he played in four provincial matches.

Eric enlisted in September 1914 and was commissioned soon after. He was drafted into the 8th Battalion Black Watch, 9th (Scottish) Division, immediately after the Battle of Loos in October 1915.

He was killed in action on 18 July 1916 during the fierce fighting in the Battle of Delville Wood.

Lieutenant Eric Milroy is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. He was twenty-eight.

John Abbott King (England) 9 August 1916

John King was born in Burley, Leeds on 21 August 1883. Educated at Giggleswick School, he later became a farmer at Ben Rhydding near Ilkley.

Before then, he spent some time in South Africa where he played for the Durbanville and Somerset West clubs. After returning home, he joined Headingley and later captained Yorkshire, for whom he played forty-six times. He also played for the North of England and the Barbarians. At 5ft 5ins (1.65m), he is believed to be the shortest man to play for England and was nicknamed the “Pocket Hercules”.

He was capped twelve times at forward by England, playing in 1910-11, 1911-12, when the Championship was shared with Ireland, and in 1912-13, when England won the Grand Slam for the first time.

John King enlisted in the first week of the war and served on the Western Front with the Yorkshire Hussars from April 1915. He later transferred at his own request to the 1/10th (Liverpool Scottish) King’s (Liverpool) Regiment. He was killed in action in a failed attack on Guillemont on 9 August 1916. Had he survived, he would have been recommended for the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his conduct in the battle.

Lance Corporal John King is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. He was thirty-two.

Lancelot Andrew Noel Slocock (England) 9 August 1916

Andrew Slocock was born on Christmas Day 1886 in Wootten Wawen, just outside Stratford-Upon-Avon. Educated at Marlborough College, he was later engaged in the cotton trade in Liverpool.

He played at forward for Liverpool, Lancashire and the North of England.

One of the best all round English forwards of his period, he won eight caps in 1906-7 and 1907-8 but was forced to give up serious rugby thereafter due to pressure of work. He should have won his first cap against South Africa in December 1906 but the invitation was wrongly sent to Arnold Alcock of Guy’s Hospital. Andrew captained England against Scotland in 1908.

In September 1915, he returned from the USA where he was then living to take a commission in the 1/10th (Liverpool Scottish) King’s (Liverpool) Regiment and was on the Western Front by January 1916. He was killed in action on 9 August 1916 in the attack on Guillemont where fellow English international John King, also of the London Scottish, lost his life on the same day.

Second Lieutenant Lancelot Andrew Noel Slocock is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. He was twenty-nine.

Horace Wyndham Thomas (Wales) 3 September 1916

Wyndham Thomas was born in the village of Pentyrch near Cardiff on 28 July 1890. Besides being a highly talented sporting all-rounder, he was also a gifted musician. He was educated at Bridgend County School, Monmouth School and Cambridge University, where he was a choral scholar at King’s College.

“HW” played for Blackheath, Cambridge University (Blue in 1912), Swansea, Calcutta and the Barbarians.

He won two caps at outside-half for Wales in 1912-13. His late drop goal attempt against South Africa would have won the match for Wales had it not shaved the upright. Immediately after playing against England, he left to work in business in India.

Wyndham returned to Britain in 1915 to take a commission. He went to the Western Front in March 1916, attached to the 16th Battalion The Rifle Brigade, 39th Division. On 3 September 1916, his Division fought in the Ancre Operations, attacking up the left flank of the Ancre Valley. The attack failed, though Wyndham managed to reach the German front line with a handful of his men but was then killed by shellfire.

Second Lieutenant Horace Wyndham Thomas is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. He was twenty-six.

Rupert Edward Inglis (England) 18 September 1916

At fifty-three, Rupert Inglis was the third oldest rugby international to die. He was born in London on 17 May 1863. He was educated at Rugby School and Oxford University and was ordained in 1889 and appointed rector of Frittenden in Kent in 1900.

He won two rugby Blues as a forward for Oxford in 1883 and 1884 and also played for Blackheath, Middlesex and the South of England.

Rupert Inglis won three caps for England in 1885-6, when they shared the championship with Scotland.

In July 1915, he was commissioned in the Army Chaplains’ Department as Chaplain to the Forces 4th Class (equating to the rank of captain) and in December 1915 he was attached to the 16th Infantry Brigade, 6th Division. On 18 September 1916, following an attack at Ginchy during the Battle of Flers-Courcelette, he was with a party of stretcher bearers searching for the wounded when he was struck by shellfire and killed.

The Rev Rupert Inglis is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.

Robert Stanley Black (New Zealand) 21 September 1916

Bobby Black was born in Arrowtown, South Island on 23 August 1893. He worked as a clerk for the New South Wales Bank.

He played for Pirates (Dunedin), White Star (Westport) and University of Otago; provincial rugby for Otago and Buller; and for South Island v North Island in 1912 and 1914.

A speedy fist five-eighth, Bobby went on the invincible All Blacks tour of Australia in 1914. He played in six of the games, including the First Test, which New Zealand won 5-0. This match took place less than a month before the outbreak of war.

Bobby enlisted in 1915 and went overseas in March 1916. By the following autumn, he was serving as a private in the 2nd Battalion Canterbury Infantry Regiment, New Zealand Division. He was reported missing in an advance on 21 September 1916 during the Battle of Flers-Courcelette.

New Zealanders are not included on the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme, so Private Robert Black is commemorated with 1200 of his countrymen on the Caterpillar Valley (New Zealand) Memorial, Longueval. He was twenty-three.

Herbert Jones (Australia) 4 November 1916

Herbert Jones was born in Carrington, Newcastle, New South Wales on 8 August 1888. He was a dock labourer and coal trimmer.

He played for Carrington and North Newcastle and twenty-one times for New South Wales between 1911 and 1914. He went on the Australian tour to the USA in 1912 and then on the tour to New Zealand in 1913, He played centre in all three Tests there and scored a try in the third which was Australia’s first Test win (16-5) in New Zealand.

He enlisted in May 1915 and embarked overseas with the 30th (New South Wales) Battalion Australian Infantry, 5th Australian Division the following November. He was killed by shellfire on 4 November 1916.

Private Herbert Jones is buried at the A.I.F. Burial Ground cemetery, Flers. He was twenty-eight.

Alfred Frederick Maynard (England) 13 November 1916

Alfred Maynard was born in Penge, Croydon on 23 March 1894. His father played soccer for England in 1872. Alfred attended Durham School and Cambridge University.

He won two Blues at forward for Cambridge in 1912 and 1913 and played for the Harlequins, Durham City and Durham County. Following a fine game in the Varsity Match when he scored a spectacular try, he was selected for England, playing in three of their 1914 Grand Slam matches.

He went straight from Cambridge to the war, joining the Howe Battalion, Royal Naval Division in September 1914. He subsequently served with them at Antwerp, the Suez Canal and Gallipoli where he was wounded.

Alfred was killed leading his men in the attack on Beaumont Hamel during the Battle of the Ancre on 13 November 1916.

Lieutenant Alfred Maynard is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. At twenty-two, he was the youngest English international to die in the war.

 

Remember them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Names and Nicknames of Some Early Rugby Clubs of Cardiff and District

You have to hand it to the Victorians, when it came to naming their rugby clubs, they could certainly be very imaginative.

They had to be. There were so many teams in Victorian and Edwardian Cardiff and district — I’ve identified over 200 each season between 1889-90 and 1896-7, for instance — that they needed to find ways of differentiating themselves. For example, between 1885 and 1900, over thirty Roath teams used distinguishing names like Roath Albion, Roath Hornets, Roath Shamrocks etc. And, of course, there were very many Roath based clubs which didn’t include the name of the suburb at all, like Mackintosh and St. Peter’s.

Some teams adopted names which suggested a degree of aggression, for instance: Bowry [sic] Boys, Mary Ann Street Bushrangers, Merthyr Street Bruisers, Roath Mohawks, Penarth Dreadnoughts, Pentyrch Rowdy Boys and Riverside Warriors. Others relied on less assertive names, perhaps based on the emblems or badges which they wore on their jerseys, like Blackweir Diamonds, Cathays Red Star and Canton Red Anchor. Perhaps surprisingly, flower names were not uncommon, though maybe recruiting difficulties lead to Tongwynlais Flowers, Penarth Tulips and Llandaff Blossoms surviving only for a short period.

A few examples of the more unusual team names of the time included: North Central Buffoons, Maggie Murphy’s Pups, Globe Revellers (a pub side), Roath Pouncers, Harbour Lights, Broken Melodies, Waistcoat Tearers and Cardiff Waxlights. No doubt, humour sometimes came in to it: Alpine Rangers, for instance, played at sea level on East Moors.

There were very many teams, of course, which played under the more traditional names adopted by clubs like: Bute Dock Rangers, Ely Rovers, Gabalfa Stars, Moors United, Tresillian Harlequins and Wharton Wanderers. But the names used by Canton Crusaders, Grange Excelsiors, Roath Windsors, Splott Raglans and Whitchurch Crescents were also popular with Victorian clubs in Cardiff. Less common suffixes were those chosen by Butetown Barbarians, Canton Lillywhites, Cathays Albion, Penarth Victoria, Penhill Swifts, and Tongwynlais Ramblers. The existence of a Grange Blues team in the 1890s means that the modern professional regional team in Cardiff were by no means the first to make use of the name “Blues” in the city.

But these examples are just a few of the thousands of teams which existed in and around Cardiff before the First World War. Clubs then were not the more or less permanent organisations they are today. Most teams enjoyed a very short life. Many changed their names, some frequently. So the adoption of a name was much more fluid and ephemeral than today and, therefore, much more colourful.

As for nicknames, then, as now, most of the leading clubs in Cardiff and district had them, though in some cases, it might have been the local press who promoted their use as much as anything.

Today, Cardiff RFC are “the Blue and Blacks” but in Victorian times they were styled “the Bold Blue and Black” by players and supporters, though the press also sometimes referred to them as “the Welsh Metropolitans”. Penarth were “the Butcher Boys”, “Donkey Island” or, still used today, “the Seasiders”. And even in the 1960s, cries of “C’mon Donkey Island” could still occasionally be heard at the Penarth Athletic Field. St. Peter’s, then as today, were “the Rocks”. Canton used to be exotically known as “the Dancing Dervishes” or just “the Dervishes” but that name fell into disuse many years ago.

What about Cardiff and District Rugby Union  clubs which no longer exist? In Victorian times, the suburb of Grangetown was known locally as “the city of bricks”, so the Grange Stars/Grangetown club were “the Bricklayers”. Because of the location of Cardiff gaol, Adamsdown rugby club were “the Gaolers”. Roath were “the Zebras” (striped jerseys?); Canton Wanderers “the Tramps”; Loudoun “the Hounds”; and Mackintosh “the Gravediggers”.

Many of the residents of Newtown were of Irish extraction, so the local parish club, St. Paul’s, were unsurprisingly known as “the Irishmen”. The workers at Cardiff’s “Covent Garden” had a decent team called Cardiff Fruiterers and they went by the nickname of “the Banana Boys”. They even thought about adopting this as the official club name at one time.

One of Cardiff and District’s foremost local clubs before the First World War, Cardiff Romilly had the most unusual nickname, however. Although based in Canton, they regularly used the long-gone Blue Anchor pub in Wharton Street in the city centre. Romilly took their nickname from a Greek philosopher whose effigy stood above the door of the pub. Democritus was known at the “Laughing Philosopher” because he thought it important to be cheerful in life and to laugh at the foibles of human nature.

So Cardiff Romilly referred to themselves, and were widely known, as “the Laughing Philosophers”, which is not a bad name for a rugby club when you think about it.

 

For much more about the nature of club rugby in Cardiff and Wales in Victorian times, please see “This Spellbound Rugby People: The Birth of Rugby in Cardiff and Wales” (2015).

Gwyn Prescott

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Charles Gerald Taylor: The Royal Navy Officer who was the First Welsh Rugby International to Die in the First World War.

This article was first posted on the World Rugby Museum: From the Vaults blog on the centenary of Charles Taylor’s death in action in 1915. I have re-posted it here with minor amendments to commemorate the 101st anniversary of his death. There is a much longer account of Charles Taylor’s life in “Call Them to Remembrance”.

Lest We Forget – Charles Gerald Taylor (Wales)   24/1/1915                                                      

If Charles Taylor hadn’t decided to pursue a naval career he might never have become a rugby player. He was born in Ruabon, north Wales on 8 May 1863, the son of Reverend Alfred and Annie Taylor. His father was headmaster of Ruabon Grammar School, where Charles was educated.

North Wales has always been soccer country so, unsurprisingly, in his youth Charles was an association footballer, and a gifted one at that. However, at sixteen he left his Denbighshire home to join HMS Marlborough, a shore establishment in Portsmouth for the training of Royal Navy engineer officers. There the preferred sport was rugby – they had a decent fixture list and were members of the RFU – and so Charles was converted into a three-quarter. Any reluctance he may initially have felt was quickly dispelled as he proved to be a natural for the game and he soon became a “crack” member of the team. By the time he was twenty, Charles had come to the notice of the Welsh selectors.

He was fast, useful with the ball in hand and a good tackler but Charles was best known for his kicking. His particular speciality was a legacy from his soccer days: the fly kick to touch, a potentially dangerous tactic at any time but one which Charles could usually bring off with extraordinary accuracy. Well liked for his charm, humour and, not least, his post-match party piece on the banjo, he was clearly an asset for any rugby side.

Charles made his international debut in January 1884 on the wing against England at Leeds where he “put in some wonderful flying kicks”. He also nearly achieved lasting fame by helping to bring off a sensational victory with a drop goal attempt which unfortunately was disallowed. However, according to the England full back, Henry Tristram, who was in a much better position to see than the officials, the kick was good. It was, nevertheless, a memorable year for Charles: a few months later he came second in the pole vault at the AAA national championships.

Although he played all his club rugby in England, Charles became an automatic choice for Wales over four seasons, winning nine caps in all and missing only one through injury. No doubt with a nod to his naval background, the press therefore referred to him as “the sheet anchor” of the team.

His time in the Welsh jersey wasn’t a period of great success but there were signs that Wales were improving. Two wins out of two against Ireland, that near miss at Leeds and draws with England and Scotland were indications that, with Charles’s help, Wales now had to be taken seriously.

After six years at HMS Marlborough, Charles transferred to the Royal Naval College Greenwich in 1885 and so was able to join one of the best teams in the country, the powerful Blackheath club. He also helped set up London Welsh at this time but only turned out for them on the odd occasion. Playing against Scotland on 9 January 1886, Charles made rugby history as a member of the first-ever four three-quarter line-up in international rugby.

His final international appearance was in the victory over Ireland in March 1887, when Wales finished second in the championship, achieving their highest placing so far. A few months later, Assistant Engineer Charles Taylor was posted to his first ship for service in the Mediterranean and his senior rugby career had come to an end.

A highly professional and efficient officer, he had a distinguished career in the Royal Navy. He was promoted to Engineer-Captain in 1912 and undoubtedly would have risen further had he survived. Soon after the outbreak of the Great War, he was posted to HMS Tiger, in the First Battle Cruiser Squadron, which was under the command of Rear Admiral Beatty. Charles held a position of considerable responsibility as the Squadron Engineer Officer.

Unknown to the enemy, by late January 1915, the British were intercepting their radio traffic and breaking into their naval codes. So when a squadron of German ships ventured out into the North Sea, the Royal Navy was waiting for them. On 24th January 1915, Beatty caught the Germans near the Dogger Bank.  During the battle, one of the German capital ships was sunk with the loss nearly a thousand lives, though the rest of the squadron managed to escape. No British ship was lost and only fifteen Royal Navy personnel were killed. However, it was HMS Tiger which suffered most of the British casualties when a shell hit a compartment below the conning tower. Engineer-Captain Taylor was nearby, calmly observing the technical performance of the ships, when, tragically, he was caught in the blast and killed instantly.

His body was returned home and he lies today in Tavistock New Cemetery, Devon. He left a widow and three children. At fifty-one, Charles Gerald Taylor was the fourth oldest rugby international to die in the Great War.

The Battle of Dogger Bank had added the first Welshman to the game’s international roll of honour.

 

Charles Taylor is commemorated on memorials at Ruabon, Dartmouth, Blackheath FC, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and the Principality (formerly Millennium) Stadium.

Gwyn Prescott

24 January 2016

 

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Whitchurch Superstar

I felt privileged to be asked to take photographs for my father’s book ‘Call Them to Remembrance’, as rugby and history have also been topics of interest for me. I had, of course, read about the tragic loss of life in World War I and felt keen to contribute to this piece as a way to remember those who have fallen.

But what was fascinating about working on this particular project, was learning about the individual stories of these fallen men; fine sportsmen who were struck down in their prime.

This was no more evident than in the case of John Lewis Williams. I was quick to learn that Williams had been born in Whitchurch, where I went to school and spent much of my teenage years. This suddenly struck home the reality of the tragic tale. Williams was, by all accounts, a superb footballer, and a huge loss for Wales and rugby. A true star of the game before his untimely death. Much is made of sportsmen and women today; Whitchurch is lucky enough to boast such sporting greats as Gareth Bale, Geraint Thomas and Sam Warburton, who are regarded superstars. Williams was on par with this at the time.

To emphasise the status that Williams held during his player career, last September, he was inducted into the World Rugby (formally IRB) Hall of Fame.

whitchurch memorial

Whitchurch Memorial -by Sian Prescott

That I had passed this memorial countless times and barely glanced at it, barely acknowledged the names which had, over the years, just become arbitrary text, I felt I had done Williams, and the other fallen men a disservice.

I had been ignorant to the fact a great rugby player was on this memorial; but also what else had the others achieved and done in their short lives. I was struck that any of these names could have been any of the names of people I had known and befriended in Whitchurch over the years.

It is very easy to pass by these memorials and take them for granted. Working on this project made me realise that it is worth the small time and effort to sometimes pause amidst our own busy lives, and acknowledge those who fought so that we could enjoy our freedoms today.

Sian Prescott

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